The future of music

What Is A&R (Artists & Repertoire) & How Does It Work?

July 21, 2023
what is A&R?

Are you wondering what A&R is?

We’re here to help!

Many people haven’t heard about A&R, and what its role is in the music industry.

It is a pivotal part of the inner workings of a record label, and that’s why we have compiled this article.

This article explains what A&R is, why its role is so important, and how it has changed over the years.

It also touches on what A&R representatives do specifically, and how you become one if that interests you.

We hope you enjoy learning about this important sector of the music industry!

What Is A&R and What Is Its Role?

A&R is an abbreviation for Artists and Repertoire and is a critical foundation in a record label. 

This is the department that deals with scouting for fresh talent and ultimately signing artists that they believe could be of monetary value to the organization.

They may also play a hand in the recording process, and deal with the promotion side of releases.

In essence, they are the middleman between the artist and the record label and communicate the artist’s interests.

The Artists and Repertoire department’s interests lie in keeping the artist happy and allowing them to stay true to their music while maximizing profit for the label.

The first and main role of an A&R is to scout for new talent to sign with the record label that they work for.

It is important that they thoroughly understand musical trends and popular genres at the time, as well as keep in mind the brand of the label.

The underlying question that they must constantly ask themselves is ‘Will the label/the audience spend money on this artist?’.

Secondly, they keep an eye on artist development.

This may look like drawing influences from music that is popular at the moment, and following that trend while still ensuring they stick to the artist’s brand.

They must also tie this to the label – each one tends to have a defining quality.

Lastly, their smallest role is marketing and promotion.

They may not be as involved in this due to the fact that most record labels have large marketing teams, however, A&R can communicate between artist and label to make sure both are on brand.

Why Is A&R Important?

In the ever-changing music industry, the current climate is making it harder and harder for artists to achieve their breakthroughs.

That is just one of the reasons why A&R is so important.

A&R gives new artists the chance to step up their careers and flourish under the direction of a label.

If it wasn’t for them, many artists would go undiscovered.

It also gives them monetary support, which is a huge trouble for unsigned musicians.

A&R is important for listeners, too!

Representatives are highly knowledgeable about current trends and what different genres of listeners are enjoying at the moment, which means they can seek out new artists that they know could be groundbreaking.

In a way, they take the stress out of finding new music to enjoy.

From a label perspective, A&R reps act as communicators between artists and executives, which makes their job a lot easier.

The label can focus on production and distribution, the artist can focus on making music, and A&R can make sure everyone is happy.


Since A&R’s interests lie in creating a profit for the label, they are huge assets to any recording organization.

They are one of the most critical departments, and without them, the industry may not be where it is today.

How Has A&R Changed?

These days, the music industry runs in a slightly different way than it used to.

Artists now have their very own superpower – social media.

A&R representatives in the past would need to travel to clubs and scout out talent in public places, but now they can do it from the comfort of their own homes.

By simply logging onto YouTube, Spotify, TikTok, or any other platform, they have new artists at their fingertips.

This isn’t always an advantage, however.

Due to the exponential increase in social media use, aspiring artists can now release music independently.

All it takes is a viral video and their career may be up and running – they don’t have to wait around to be discovered.

The recent improvement in technology has also helped this along.

Nowadays, it is relatively inexpensive to hire a studio for a few hours or even to buy your own recording equipment.

Artists can now make money through monetized content online (think TikTok stars) without having to sign to a label.

A&R is certainly not obsolete, though.

It is still important for musicians to sign to a record label when they can, or else their earning potential tops out.

What Do A&R Representatives Do?

An A&R representative’s key role is to seek out upcoming artists.

They will often work for a record label or music publisher, or maybe for an agency, to help them to find the best new artists to sign.

Sometimes called a Talent Scout or Music Scout, they may search for what they’re looking for in clubs, on social media, or by reading hot new articles.

As one of the most coveted positions within a record label, a representative needs to have extensive knowledge of current music tastes and understand the things that make an artist successful in the current musical climate.

At a small label, an A&R representative may be responsible for signing artists and representing their wants and needs within the organization.

However, at a moderate to large-sized label, A&R managers will handle this.

This is the next step up once a representative has earned a respectable reputation and an extensive artist portfolio.

How Do You Become An A&R Rep?

While a representative is an entry-level position, it is highly competitive to get into, especially with a large record label.

You may need prior experience in the industry, specifically in production, management, radio, or marketing and promotion.

If this isn’t the case for you, there are many internship opportunities that can help you get your foot in the door.

Some organizations have administrative or coordinator positions within their A&R field, which may be less competitive if you don’t have the portfolio or experience required for a representative role.

A career as an Artist and Repertoire Representative may lead to a promotion to an A&R Manager or Director.

A director may not deal with as many clients face to face, but will have more responsibilities regarding the organization as a whole.

What Is A&R – Final Thoughts

In summary, A&R is the string that ties together record labels and artists.

It makes sure that profits are where they should be, that artists are happy, and that no talent goes unnoticed.

Many believe that it is the most important division of any record label or music production organization, and they are critical in the inner workings of the music industry.

We hope this article helped you to understand what A&R is and how it works while giving you some insight into the booming industry.

You may also like: How to Get Signed to a Record Label

Will Fenton

Will, the founder of MIDDER, is a multifaceted individual with a deep passion for music and personal finance. As a self-proclaimed music and personal finance geek, he has a keen eye for futuristic technologies, especially those that empower creators and the public.

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